An interview in 1890 with The Sunday Herald, Wilson said, “In the year 1872 I was a sergeant in Troop I, Fourth Cavalry, stationed at Fort Concho, Tex., and was ordered with a detail of one corporal and ten privates in pursuit of a raiding party of Indians who had stolen stock in the neighborhood of the post. On Sept. 2, 1861, at just 16 years old, Tom needed his parent’s approval to enlist into the 21st Ohio Infantry. The search bar allows you to search by a recipient’s first and/or last name. READ MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENT STORIES OF HEROISM, BRAVERY, AND VALOR IN ACTION. Army 90, Navy 21, Marine Corps 8. In the morning we started again, the trail leading toward the Colorado River, and after traveling some time I turned in to the river for the purpose of cooking breakfast, sending one man on lookout. Coffee or Die Magazine’s Very Unbiased 2020 Holiday Gift Guide, Thanksgiving in the Second Battle of Fallujah, Battle of Hürtgen Forest: Thanksgiving Day in the ‘Green Hell’, Police Helping Make Thanksgiving Meals Happen for Those in Need, Nineteen servicemen have been awarded the. Suddenly, they were ambushed by 400 Cacos. When Sweeney finally reached the sailor, he held onto him for an estimated half an hour before the vessel could lift them aboard. On Aug. 5, 1864, Cooper fought with distinction despite his ship being shot to pieces and his men lying dead on the ship’s deck. The Medal of Honor recognizes those, especially its double recipients, who have given their most distinguished service to the military. Mullen recognized an officer couldn’t keep his head above the water and was starting to drown. You may sort the database and your selections alphabetically by clicking the Name categories. in 1863, and then it was open to everyone in the military. Note to users: To search this list for a specific name, hit both "Ctrl" and "F" on your keyboard. In France’s Forest de Retz, Cukela crawled beyond friendly lines to charge a machine gun nest by himself. McCloy’s boyhood dream was to be a sailor, and he joined the Merchant Marines when he was 15 years old. Sgt. Weisbogel earned both his Medal of Honor awards for peacetime actions. Smedley Butler may be the best-known double Medal of Honor recipient and one of the most popular military generals in U.S. history. Medal of Honor Recipients. For this action, he was awarded the Medal of Honor by both the Army and the Navy. There has only been one female Medal of Honor recipient: Dr. Mary Walker, who volunteered to help the Union Army during the Civil War because she wasn’t allowed to join as a surgeon. Select a subject to preview related courses: Matej Kocak - World War I (for putting out two machine gun nests in the same day), John Lafferty - Civil War, Peacetime (for volunteering for torpedo transfer; for saving his ship after a stop-valve rupture), John McCloy - Boxer Rebellion, Veracruz (for meritorious conduct; for drawing enemy fire to reveal enemy positions), Patrick Mullen - Civil War (for skillful fire and causing enemy retreat; for saving a drowning man), John Henry Pruitt - World War I (posthumously awarded for taking 40 prisoners single-handedly), Robert Sweeney - Peacetime (on both occasions he saved a fellow shipmate from drowning), Albert Weisbogel - Peacetime (also saved two men from drowning), Louis Williams - Peacetime (also saved two men from drowning), William Wilson - Indian Wars (for pursuing cattle thieves; for conduct with Indians). Butler later said, “Cleaning up Philadelphia’s vice is worse than any battle I was ever in.” He died in 1940 as one of the most revered military generals of all time. Mullen was engaged with enemy rebels, and to provide assistance to his commanding officer, Mullen successfully loaded a. while lying on his back and fired it into a crowd of soldiers, dispersing those who had survived the assault. He returned to, Chief Watertender John King was decorated for two separate actions both aboard naval vessels that experienced catastrophic accidents. The day before his 22nd birthday, Pruitt would earn the Medal of Honor posthumously from both the Army and the Navy for the same action. during the Little Bighorn Campaign in 1876. is such that Major General John Lejune once called him “the greatest of all leathernecks” and “the [most] outstanding Marine of all time.” Smedley Butler, who also appears on this list, once said Daly was “the fightingest Marine I ever knew” and “it was an object lesson to have served with him.” High praise from two legendary Marines, He would earn his second nearly 15 years later while fighting the Cacos in Haiti. This was permitted because the individuals were members of one branch while their actions of valor occurred under the authority of another branch. At the age of 16, after one failed attempt, he lied about his age and joined the 21st Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry in 1861. Thomas Custer, who became the first double recipient of the Medal of Honor. He continued to serve and received a field commission as a mustang officer (former enlisted). Cukela was wounded twice during the war, though not seriously enough to warrant a Purple Heart distinction. Frank Baldwin, a career U.S. Army officer, was recommended for the Medal of Honor three times while fighting two different adversaries and practically didn’t have an off-day from soldiering for 35 years across the American West! Kelly killed the crew and captured eight prisoners of war. His small contingent of Marines helped protect the diplomatic personnel from being overrun. On Aug. 5, 1864, Cooper fought with distinction despite his ship being shot to pieces and his men lying dead on the ship’s deck. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | His citation reads: “When the advance of his battalion was checked by a hidden machine gun nest, he went forward alone, unprotected by covering fire from his own men, and worked in between the German positions in the face of fire from enemy covering detachments. During the Boxer Rebellion in China, Daly personally positioned himself alone along the Tarter Wall despite being exposed to sniper fire and other attacks. Thomas “Tom” Custer was the first dual Medal of Honor recipient, and the only American Civil War veteran to achieve such a feat. This gallant Marine was killed soon afterward by shellfire while he was sniping at the enemy.”, Robert August Sweeney is the only African-American to receive the Medal of Honor twice. The Marine detachment fought its way forward to a good position, which it maintained during the night, although subjected to a continuous fire from the Cacos. courses that prepare you to earn The number of slots changes from year to year, but the total number of names that state senators can put forward represents an annual "quota." Remarkably, of the 19 veterans to earn the Medal twice, five of them were born in Ireland, which has a strong representation with 258 Irish-born U.S. service members having earned the medal. The first double recipient wa… His first Medal of Honor action occurred on Sept. 17, 1881, in Hampton Roads, Virginia, when a sailor aboard the. What is the Congressional Medal of Honor? Daly stood just 5-foot-6 and weighed 132 pounds. Let's talk more about these double recipients. in March 1883, he dove off the deck to save Thomas Moran, a landsman who was drowning. In both of his actions, he captured the Confederate battle flag, which was not only a symbol of honor for the side, but also signaled troop movements on the battlefield. 3. before performing the actions that would earn him the highest U.S. military medal for valor. Irish-born Patrick Mullen earned his first Medal of Honor during a boating expedition up Mattox Creek on March 17, 1865. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons What did the soldier Ernest Janson and the Marine Charles Hoffman have in common? For this action, both the Army and Navy awarded him the Medal of Honor; he also received valor awards from Yugoslavia and France. Hero of the Republic: The Biography of Triple Medal of Honor Winner, James Madison Cutts, Jr. All rights reserved. A life-sized bronze statue sits in his hometown, and the U.S. Navy honored him with a now decommissioned guided-missile destroyer. He was wounded in the face by the rebels and was evacuated on horse from the Army of the Potomac’s 3rd Cavalry Division. November 28, 2020, 8:48 PM. Hoffman served under the name. Shortly after this he organized 25 French colonial soldiers who had become separated from their company and led them in attacking another machine gun nest, which was also put out of action.”. Hogan carried a severely wounded Lieutenant Henry Romeyn off the battlefield despite heavy gunfire. Three days later, Custer repeated the feat at Sailor’s Creek, this time armed with only a pistol. Hogan is one of only three Medal of Honor recipients who saved the life of another Medal of Honor recipient (, What did the soldier Ernest Janson and the Marine Charles Hoffman have in common? The United States Armed Services award the Medal of Honor as the highest recognition for an individual who has acted with bravery when faced with the enemy. Custer was wounded a second time during the Indian Wars’ 1868 Wichita Campaign and served during the expeditions in Yellowstone and the Black Hills. All Rights Reserved. In the morning we started again, the trail leading toward the Colorado River, and after traveling some time I turned in to the river for the purpose of cooking breakfast, sending one man on lookout. Eleven soldiers and three officers surrendered on the spot. Anyone can earn Frank D. Baldwin U.S. Civil War. On May 29, 1901, King said he “shut off the main stop of the boiler and smothered it up with blankets and towels.” His second recommendation for the Medal of Honor came aboard the USS Salem, the Navy’s first turbine-engine warship. He is often called “the other Custer” as he is the younger brother of George Armstrong Custer. How Do I Use Study.com's Assign Lesson Feature? The Alaska, was a wooden-hulled vessel, and if a fire onboard spread, it could lead to disaster. Butler served 33 years in the Marine Corps and had a role in the Spanish-American War in Cuba, the Philippine-American War in Manila, the Boxer Rebellion in China, the Banana Wars in the Carribean, the Mexican Revolution, and World War I. Butler’s first Medal of Honor was earned during the Mexican Revolution when the then-major fought block to block in the streets of Vera Cruz to rid the city of the resistance. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. He and his men killed 100 tribesman, captured more than 100 survivors, seized an estimated 3,000 ponies, and overtook a series of villages. He served in the Battles of Belleau Wood, Chateau-Thierry, and Blanc Mont Ridge. At 5 feet, 6 inches and 132 pounds, Daly was a force to be reckoned with. uncovered King’s firsthand account of his action during a boiler explosion on the USS Vicksburg (Gunboat No. into no man’s land through an artillery barrage to seize an enemy machine gun nest. The Medal of Honor was created in the Civil War to recognize naval valor, the next year a Medal of Honor was issued to Army officers as well. Hogan’s second action occurred at Bear Paw Mountain, Montana. Albert Weisbogel was born in New Orleans in 1844 and served in the U.S. Navy. William Wilson of Philadelphia earned the Medal of Honor twice for two separate actions during the Indian Wars. His first medal citation is incredibly vague. Whether recognized twice for the same action by two branches, twice in the same period for different actions, or for actions in two separate periods, these individuals made tremendous personal sacrifices to save other soldiers and advance positions. Also available is a complete list of Medal of Honor recipients that provides more detail. By the time of his action in France during the Battle of Belleau Wood — working under his assumed alias Charles Hoffman — he was a highly respected 39-year-old Gunnery Sergeant. His citation from the Army read: “Pruitt single-handedly attacked two machineguns, capturing them and killing two of the enemy. Only a year later, in Callao, Peru, Olsen again jumped into the water to save a drowning shipmate. This will bring up your browser's "Find" function, where you can enter the last name of an individual and skip to them on the list. His wartime heroics became legendary, and he is one of the most recognized Marines of all time. Butler served 33 years in the Marine Corps and had a role in the Spanish-American War in Cuba, the Philippine-American War in Manila, the Boxer Rebellion in China, the Banana Wars in the Carribean, the Mexican Revolution, and World War I. Butler’s first Medal of Honor was earned during the Mexican Revolution when the then-major fought block to block in the streets of V… 1. A Soldier & His Harmonica: Vietnam War Medal of Honor Recipient Sammy Davis, US Senate Approves Bill to Upgrade Alwyn Cashe’s Silver Star to the Medal of Honor, Boko Haram Terrorists Slaughter at Least 110 Nigerian Civilians in ‘Insane’ Attack, Army Replaces ‘Shark Attack’ With Team Event For Tank Crewmen, Cavalry Scout Trainees, Read the Four Books HBO’s ‘The Pacific’ Is Based On, ‘You Either Went to War or You Didn’t’—How Deployments Divide the Veteran Community, ‘Brothers in Arms’ — An Unforgettable Family Reunion in Afghanistan, and the Meaning of Military Service, Web Design and Development by Hire Jordan Smith. John Joseph Kelly was a Chicago native who earned the Medal of Honor from both the Army and the Navy while he was still a teenager. He served in the Battles of Belleau Wood, Chateau-Thierry, and Blanc Mont Ridge. Instagram. Henry Hogan was awarded his two Medal of Honors while assigned to the same unit: Company G, . Butler also introduced the Marine Corps’ first unofficial mascot, a, , in 1922. Wyalusing. He would earn his second nearly 15 years later while fighting the Cacos in Haiti. For the 19 double recipients of the Medal of Honor, the Armed Services and United States government recognized their heroism beyond the call of duty. The squads patrolled in armored cars with radios and carried sawed-off shotguns. He then captured 40 prisoners in a dugout nearby. Although he only served as the director of public safety in Philadelphia for one year, his impact helped establish police reform in the city, which was full of corrupt public officials. Maj. Dan Daly and Maj. Gen. Smedley Butler are the only double recipients of the Medal of Honor. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? For this action, both the Army and Navy awarded him the Medal of Honor; he also received. After striking their trail five miles from the post I followed it all day and the greater part of the night on a trot and gallop, halting thirty minutes in the afternoon to eat lunch, camping at night on the trail in the mountains. There are two William Wilsons that earned the Medal of Honor at least once. Today, peacetime actions in the U.S. Navy warrant the Navy and Marine Corps Medal in lieu of the Medal of Honor. The U.S. Navy is the most awarded branch with eight sailors, some receiving the award not for combat heroism but life-saving actions. The tide pulled the sailor farther away from the Kearsarge and waves flowed over his head, but that didn’t stop Sweeney from diving overboard to save his shipmate. Volunteering for the hazardous mission, Fireman Lafferty participated in the transfer of two torpedoes across an island swamp and then served as sentry to keep guard of clothes and arms left by other members of the party. Kelly killed the crew and captured eight prisoners of war. Five members of the Marine Corps received both the Army and Navy Medals for the same action, all in World War I. Flag bearers on the battlefield were critical in relaying communications by signaling their troops on what to do in the middle of chaos. He single-handedly disabled it by bayoneting the crew one by one in hand-to-hand fighting. — 100 names with 100 stories of valor that provided perspective to the average U.S. citizen about what their brothers, husbands, and sons faced during World War I. Pruitt was born in Fayetteville, Arkansas, and was a veteran of the 6th Marine Regiment. After dark on the evening of 24 October, while crossing the river in a deep ravine, the detachment was suddenly fired upon from three sides by about 400 Cacos concealed in bushes about 100 yards from the fort. There are three different versions of the Medal of Honor: one for the Army, one for the Navy, and … While aboard the. The 1920s were fret with speakeasies, organized crime, and untrustworthy politicians. William Othello Wilson served with the famed Buffalo Soldiers during the Sioux Campaign in 1890. In the surprise attack, Hoffman rushed forward, stuck his bayonet into two of them, and caused the remainder of the soldiers to flee the area. Five "double recipients" were awarded both the Army's and Navy's Medal of Honor for the same action, with all five of these occurrences taking place during World War I. Medal of Honor recipient Army Sergeant First Class Paul R. Smith was killed in action on April 4, 2003. John McCloy is a veteran of the Spanish-American War, the Boxer Rebellion, the occupation of Vera Cruz in Mexico, and World War I. On July 18, 1918, Kocak was awarded the Medal of Honor by both the Army and the Navy for the same action while serving with 66th Company, 5th Regiment, 2nd Division. At Blanc Mont Ridge, he sprinted. Two were Marine aviators of the 1st Marine Aviation Force. He was labeled as being “incorruptible” and formed his own ragtag group of bandit-chasing police. 's' : ''}}. Robert August Sweeney is the only African-American to receive the Medal of Honor twice. King stated, “explosion in a boiler [which] carried away the tube and 12 men in the fire-room stood in danger of being scalded to death. Double Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. Wilson died of stomach cancer in 1895. Harper’s Weekly sat down with Masterson and discussed their heroic campaign during the winter of 1868 to 1869. For more on the Medal of Honor, see this Military.com page. He was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1832, and served as a coxswain in the U.S. Navy aboard the USS Brooklyn, where he was involved in the Battle of Mobile Bay. Daniel Inouye: Biography & Medal of Honor, Quiz & Worksheet - Two-Time Medal of Honor Winners, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, The Presidential Election of 1992: Bill Clinton, Ross Perot & George H.W. Ludwig Andres Olsen was born in Oslo, Norway, in 1845. He served for four years before he reenlisted into the Marine Corps when the U.S. got involved in World War I. William Wilson of Philadelphia earned the Medal of Honor twice for two separate actions during the Indian Wars. He and his men killed 100 tribesman, captured more than 100 survivors, seized an estimated 3,000 ponies, and overtook a series of villages. At daybreak the Marines, in three squads, advanced in three different directions, surprising and scattering the Cacos in all directions. Kelly fought in Chateau Thierry, St. Mihiel, Blanc Mont, and the Meuse-Argonne during World War I. Aug 28, 2013 - 119 servicemen received the medal, 33 posthumously. A son of a farmer, King emigrated to the U.S. when he was 24 and enlisted in the U.S. Navy when he was 31. He was labeled as being “. Olsen served for a total of 16 years and is one of the few to earn the award twice for non-combat actions. Research from the Garland County Historical Society uncovered King’s firsthand account of his action during a boiler explosion on the USS Vicksburg (Gunboat No. MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS. Hoffman was a part of the 5th Marine Regiment attached to the Army’s 2nd Division. My conduct was brought to the notice of the Government, and I was awarded Medal No. On the morning of March 11 I started. At risk of the shells exploding, Cooper rushed into the fire, grabbed a wounded soldier, heaved him over his shoulder, and ran outside, saving the soldier from certain death. He then grabbed their hand grenades and lobbed them on top of remaining positions. Hogan is one of only three Medal of Honor recipients who saved the life of another Medal of Honor recipient (John Coleman and Mike Thornton being the other two). While the USS Yantic had a gangplank between the USS Jamestown in the New York Navy Yard, sailors had to watch their step in order to cross. Congressional Medal of Honor Society Recipients of Two Medals of Honor. He retrieved him and brought him onto the deck of the USS Don, saving his life. To capture a flag meant facing extraordinary peril and having extreme courage. They were living legends in a time when turmoil between the nation and American Indian tribes could make or break the direction of our country’s future. Baldwin also served under notorious Indian fighter Nelson A. No modern recipients have more than one medal because of laws passed for the Army in 1918, and for the Navy in 1919, which stipulated that "no more than one medal of honor . Laverty was the ship’s, The New York native’s second award came 14 years later. Hogan’s second action occurred at Bear Paw Mountain, Montana. Gunnery Sergeant Daly fought with exceptional gallantry against heavy odds throughout this action.”. This gallant Marine was killed soon afterward by shellfire while he was sniping at the enemy.”. At daybreak the Marines, in three squads, advanced in three different directions, surprising and scattering the Cacos in all directions. The Navy tells the story of Fireman Second Class Telesforo Trinidad who is the only Filipino in the U.S. Navy to be awarded the Medal of Honor. medal of honor recipients Note to users: To search this list for a specific name, hit both "Ctrl" and "F" on your keyboard. You can test out of the When his unit received word that two women were captured by a superior force of Indians, Baldwin led a two-company-strong rescue to save them. shall be issued to any one person," although subsequent … Weisbogel earned both his Medal of Honor awards for peacetime actions. He continued service, wrote often about his experiences, and even did a stint as a railway superintendent. The squads patrolled in armored cars with radios and carried sawed-off shotguns. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal I was in the fire-room, and turned on the blowers full force. The first double recipient was 2nd Lt Thomas Ward Custer during the Civil War. Gunnery Sergeant Daly fought with exceptional gallantry against heavy odds throughout this action.”. Fireman Lafferty participated in a plan to destroy the rebel ram Albemarle in Roanoke River, North Carolina, 25 May 1864. Not much is known about John Laver Mather, who also went by the alias John Cooper. By the time of his action in France during the Battle of Belleau Wood — working under his assumed alias Charles Hoffman — he was a highly respected 39-year-old Gunnery Sergeant. Nineteen servicemen have been awarded the Medal of Honor twice. Custer eventually died alongside his brother, Lt. Col. George A. Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn.
2020 double medal of honor recipients